Oral diseases share common risk factors with systemic diseases, most associated with genetic factors and lifestyles, such as unhealthy diet, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and poor oral hygiene.
The consequences of smoking take on a vital importance at the time of its effects at a systemic level, but what repercussions and considerations should be taken at the oral level? The effects of tobacco on dental health are innumerable, from small cosmetic changes (stains of teeth) to different types of cancers in the oral cavity.
In addition, smoking alters the bacterial balance of the mouth, causing an imbalance in the protective barrier with alteration in the defenses, which can predispose and increase oral and intestinal diseases. An important fact is that recent studies have shown that this balance in the microbiota can be recovered in cases in which the habit of smoking is abandoned.
Another disease associated with this harmful habit is periodontitis, inflammation of the gum and the supporting tissues of the teeth (root cement, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone). Initially, it can only manifest with a deposit of plaque but it can evolve together with bad dental hygiene until the irreversible destruction of the tooth and the progressive loss of the bone that holds it.
For all this it is important to emphasize that an important oral health, with healthy lifestyle habits can also improve the health in general. With this consideration in mind, the dentist can help monitor and recommend the best prevention habits. For this, it has the best advances in the field of genetics, which with a simple sample of saliva, within reach with the genetic test of tellmeGen, allows us to know the predisposition to different general diseases and with manifestations in the oral cavity, as well as know certain personal traits such as the effect of nicotine in our body.
Advancing towards Precision Medicine takes on a vital importance when it comes to improving and optimizing pharmacological treatments, achieving individualization to achieve excellence. Therefore, prevention measures are so important. But not only that, it is also important to know the individual susceptibility, since diseases with a genetic load will allow us to face in a more active and effective way the treatment and the prevention of the complications derived from it.