Oral cancer is divided according to its location in: oral cavity (lips, cheeks, gums, tongue) and oropharynx (pharynx, tonsils and tongue base).
The symptoms can be diffuse and difficult to detect, but fundamental for an early diagnosis. Periodic follow-up by your dentist and the established trust, allows to show signs/symptoms: pain, tingling, ulcer of long evolution time, red lesions (erythroplasia) or white lesions that do not detach when shaved (leucoplasias), swelling, inflammation, eroded areas, difficulty chewing/swallowing or moving the tongue, change in the fit of your teeth… Early detection is the best way to treat and obtain satisfactory results.
There are described risk factors that increase the risk of developing oral cancer, such as smoking and drinking alcohol in excess, as well as increasing the areas of friction. In addition, an important factor that directly influences the risk/relapse is the relationship with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The most important of the risk factors is that you can act on them and take measures to reduce them or even eliminate them.
Periodic reviews by your dentist favor the early detection of lesions with risk of malignancy, as well as recognizing the clinic that makes us suspect them. In addition, it will propose before certain findings, the extension of the study with complementary tests until reaching the definitive diagnosis.
On the other hand, your trusted dentist can offer you the best advances in oral health prevention, among which is the Genetic Map of tellmeGen. Thanks to an important collaboration contract, we work in close collaboration with one of the 10 best genetic kits internationally, which not only allows us to know the predisposition to certain oral diseases but also systemic. It allows us to advance towards Precision Medicine, improving treatments with the knowledge of pharmacogenetics and improving diagnoses with hereditary diseases.