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DISEASE STUDIES

High blood pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is a potentially serious illness that can cause coronary disease, cardiac insufficiency, cerebral accidents (stroke), kidney failure and other health problems. Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure increases and remains high long enough, it can cause many forms of damage to the body’s organism.

Close to one third of the adult population has high blood pressure and these numbers increase as the population ages. It is known that certain characteristics, illnesses and habits (known as risk factors) increase the probabilities of having high blood pressure, the most important being:

  • Age: there is a significantly greater risk in men over 45 and in women over 55
  • Gender: male
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Excessive salt and alcohol consumption
  • Diet lacking in fruit and vegetables
  • Lack of regular physical exercise
  • Race: greater risk in Afro-Americans
  • Certain illnesses such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid illness and sleep apnea

GENE OR REGION STUDIED


  • EDN1
  • EDNRA
  • AGTR1
  • ADD1
  • BCAT1
  • MYBPC1
  • LOC100506754
  • 16p12.3
  • 8q24.3
  • 1q43
  • 13q21.32