Ancestry DNA test

Find out all about your Ancestry! At tellmeGen, we have a large ancestry section where you can find out your paternal haplogroup, your maternal haplogroup, the percentage of Neanderthal DNA in your genetic material, and even how your ancestry is distributed in different populations and ethnicities with a high degree of accuracy.

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Our origin as a species dates back to the African continent 200,000 years ago. Since then, humans have taken various paths to achieve the present geographical distribution. The sum of all these demographic changes has resulted in the genetic make-up of today's populations, each with its particular characteristics.

Drawing this trajectory and knowing our origins has always generated a lot of interest. Fortunately, nowadays, thanks to the advances in genetics and the new improvements incorporated in the ancestry DNA test developed by tellmeGen, you will be able to discover in more detail who are your ancestors.

At tellmeGen, we are always at the forefront of genetics to offer you the best ancestry DNA test with the best service and attention.

What do we do in our DNA origins test?

To determine your ancestry, in our DNA origins test we analyze the genetic variants that appear in the autosomal region of your DNA, commonly known as SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms). SNPs are a type of genetic marker very useful for setting your ancestry because each population has unique genetic variants.

Phase 1: Quality control of the genetic material

Once you have purchased the ancestry DNA kit and the fraction of your genetic material needed for the analysis has been collected, it is exposed to strict quality controls, maintaining only those genetic markers that satisfy the requirements for the analysis. This led us to reduce possible deviations in our estimations, generating results of high accuracy.

Phase 2: Study your DNA to determine your ethnicity

Then, we compare this portion of your genetic variation against an extensive database that includes thousands of reference individuals belonging to 53 ethnic groups distributed in 7 geographic areas: Europe (27), Africa (6), West Asia (4), South and Central Asia (6), East Asia (6), Oceania (2) and the Americas (2). Moreover, thanks to our latest update of the DNA ethnicity test, we can provide information about your ancestry in more detail because we have incorporated into the DNA origins test a breakdown of the reference populations into more specific regions.

The development of these reference populations is one of the most important points in our ancestry estimation process. High-quality reference populations allow us to have a greater accuracy in determining the genetic origins of each of our users. For this, our specialists in bioinformatics have used the genetic information of users from different geographical areas that are part of our database. This genetic information has been analyzed using powerful bioinformatics and statistical tools, including the corresponding quality controls. With this methodology, our algorithm can differentiate the populations that make up the genetics of each of our users with high precision, reducing the errors derived from statistical inference and making tellmeGen's DNA testing for ethnicity one of the most complete and reliable on the market.

Phase 3: Ancestry report

As a result of this process, you obtain a complete ancestry report with the assignment, expressed as a percentage, of your unique genetic composition in the different ethnic groups considered, organized by geographical location. These values reflect, based on your DNA, the ethnic origin of your ancestors.

Discover your maternal haplogroup

A mitochondrial haplogroup is a set of variations found in human mitochondrial DNA. Haplogroups trace and describe the path taken by our maternal ancestors, from the human species’ origins in Africa to its worldwide expansion.

With tellmeGen’s maternal lineage dna test integrated into our comprehensive genetic study, you can find out where your maternal ancestors came from and their geographic dispersion across the planet in different periods of history.

In the past, imagining where your ancestors lived and how they traveled around the world hundreds of thousands of years ago was science fiction. Now, it’s at your fingertips.

How did your ancestors travel from more than 150,000 years ago to the modern period? You can now find out and consult it on tellmeGen’s map of your maternal haplogroup migrations.

Do you share a haplogroup with famous people? There are many historical figures whose maternal haplogroups we know. In addition, many contemporary celebrities have also made their DNA test results public – find out if you share DNA with them!

Trace and discover your paternal haplogroup

With tellmeGen's paternal haplogroup test integrated in our complete genetic study, you can find out where your paternal ancestors came from and their dispersion across the planet in different periods of human history.

The oldest paternal haplogroup present in the current human population is directly descended from the chromosomal Adam, African male and homologue of the mitochondrial Eve.

How did your male ancestors travel from more than 250,000 years ago to the modern period? You can now find out and consult it on the migration map of the tellmeGen’s paternal lineage DNA test.

Do you share a haplogroup with historical figures or contemporary celebrities? Find out in your private area too!

133 Variants

23% > Average population

Know your Neanderthal DNA percentage

Did you know that humans today share up to 4% of our DNA with the Neanderthal species?

Neanderthals emerged approximately 230,000 years ago in Europe, the Near East, the Middle East and Central Asia.

This species, contemporary to Homo sapiens, was characterized by a stocky build, weighing around 70 kg. They possessed short limbs, a wide pelvis and a skeletal robustness indicating a highly muscled body.

Although their diet was long considered to be meat-based, more recent studies show that it was very diverse and adapted to their environment.

Neanderthals were also knowledgeable about fire, using it for cooking, as well as for making rudimentary medicines.

The extinction of the Neanderthals dates back to 28,000 years ago. Most studies suggest that the expansion of our species, Homo sapiens, from Africa would have been the main cause of the disappearance of the Neanderthals, despite the interbreeding that occurred between the two.

Would you like to know more? Find out how you are related to this species thanks to the Neanderthal DNA test.

Reference populations in our ancestry genetic test

To make our genetic ancestry testing one of the most complete on the market, tellmeGen's database includes thousands of individuals belonging to 53 ethnic groups distributed in 7 geographic areas: Europe (27), Africa (6), West Asia (4), South and Central Asia (6), East Asia (6), Oceania (2) and the Americas (2).

Europe

Italy

Italy is located in the south of Europe and in the center of the Mediterranean Sea. It is estimated that its population is made up of approximately 60 million individuals. For centuries this country has been an area of settlement of different populations, highlighting the Celts in the north and the Greeks in the south of the territory. This unequal settlement of the first settlers has been the cause of the current genetic differentiation of Italians throughout the peninsula. The southern Italians are genetically similar to the Greeks, while the northern Italians are closer to the Spanish and French in the south.

Ashkenazi Jew

The Ashkenazi Jewish population is a group that currently consists of approximately 10 million people. Their origin dates back some 2000 years, when their ancestors moved from Western Asia to Central Europe. Their history is marked by the persecution, genocides and Holocaust that took place during World War II. This historical event caused Jews to emigrate all over the world. At present, the most representative groups of Ashkenazis are distributed among the United States, Israel and the former Soviet Union. Within this community, consanguineous marriages are a common practice, so it has become a very characteristic and homogeneous population from the genetic point of view.

Sardinia

Sardinia is an island located in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Corsica to the north, the Italian peninsula to the east, Tunisia to the south and the Balearic Islands to the west. This island has approximately 1.5 million inhabitants, and its history is quite ancient and rich. The first settlements in the territory occurred more than 10,000 years ago, and came from the Italian peninsula, the Iberian peninsula and Africa. Since that time, the Sardinians have not undergone major migrations. This fact, together with the geographical situation of the territory, has made the genetics of Sardinia very characteristic and different from the rest of the populations of its geographical environment.

America

Native American (North)

Distributed throughout the northern part of the American continent is the population of the native Pima people. It is an ethnic group that currently has a few hundred inhabitants of purely Pima genetics. The first region inhabited by this people was western Canada, and from there it expanded to occupy a large part of the continent. At the genetic level, it has been verified that the Pima descend from the first inhabitants of the American continent, who came from East Asia.

Native American (Central and South)

The indigenous people of South and Central America, also called American Indians or American Indians, are the original inhabitants of this geographic area. Their origin is not entirely clear, although it is believed that they descend from hunting groups that migrated to America through the Bering Strait during the last Würm glaciation. This category includes the Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec and Mixe ethnic groups (Mexico), the Quechua (Peru and Bolivia), Karitiana and Surui (Brazil), Chané (Argentina), Piapoco (Colombia and Venezuela), and Mexican and Peruvian natives. Given the origin of these ethnic groups, it is common to find a high percentage of their genetics in the current inhabitants of South America.

Oceania

Papua New Guinea

The Papuan people are the native ethnic group of Papua New Guinea, Oceania. The country of Papua New Guinea comprises the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, as well as numerous surrounding islands. Papua New Guinea has been populated since ancient times, with the oldest archaeological remains found in the area dating back 60,000 years. Genetically, very little is known about these early settlers, although it is believed that they may have come from Southeast Asia.

Melanesia

Melanesians are the indigenous inhabitants of Melanesia, a region of Oceania that extends throughout the western part of New Guinea. Several scientific studies indicate that the first inhabitants of the region arrived during the migration of Africans to the Asian continent. Years later, there were several waves of settlement of Austronesian peoples in the territory, giving rise to numerous complex genetic mixtures.

Africa

Maghrebi

The Maghreb is a region located in North Africa whose genetics is mainly represented in the countries of Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara and Tunisia. It has a population of more than 100 million inhabitants. The first settlers of the Maghreb were the Imazighen, better known as Berbers. Since then, the Maghreb territory has received several migratory waves such as the arrival of the Andalusians, the Ottoman Empire or the French colonization. For this reason, the Maghrebi population shares a large part of its genetics with some southern European countries.

West Africa (Gambia and Senegal)

With a population of approximately 20 million inhabitants, The Gambia and Senegal are the two West African countries located furthest west on the continent. The genetics of The Gambia and Senegal have been strongly marked by historical episodes of human and commercial mobility, being the epicenter of African slavery between the 16th and 18th centuries. Nowadays it is a region where different ethnic groups have settled down, being the Mandinga the most representative: more than 30% of the inhabitants of Gambia and Senegal belong to this group.

West Africa (Sierra Leone and Liberia)

With a total of 8 million inhabitants, Sierra Leone and Liberia are located in West Africa. The origin of both countries is closely related, as it dates back to the struggle that took place in the 18th century against slavery on both sides of the Atlantic. Numerous populations have now settled throughout the territory, although the Mende are the most characteristic ethnic group, representing 30% of the total population.

West Africa (Nigeria and Ghana)

Located in West Africa and with approximately 230 million inhabitants, are Nigeria and Ghana. The history of this African region has been marked by constant European expeditions to the Gold Coast, a fact that is reflected in its genetics. As a result of this genetic diversity, more than 250 ethnic groups have been identified in the region, the most important being the Esan people and the Yoruba people.

East Africa (Kenya and Uganda)

With a population of approximately 47 million inhabitants, Kenya and Uganda are the two African countries located in the easternmost part of the continent. Different ethnic groups have been settled in this region for several centuries, with the Luhya and Luo peoples being the most representative. These groups initially settled in the east and west of Uganda, although during the second half of the 15th century they migrated to western Kenya. For this reason, these two regions share a high degree of genetic similarity.

Hunter-gatherer pygmy and san

The term pygmy is used to designate individuals living in Central Africa, especially in the African equatorial forests. Together with the Bushmen or San, they are considered the oldest inhabitants of Africa. The high inbreeding of these tribes, together with their isolation in forests, has given them a very distinctive genetics with respect to the rest of African populations. As a curiosity, and as a result of such characteristic genetics, it is worth mentioning the short stature and short life expectancy (between 15-24 years) of the individuals that make up these tribes.

Central and South Asia

Central Asia

Central Asia is a territory with a large number of ethnic groups, distributed mainly in five countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The origin of this population dates back to the Indo-Iranian and Turkic expansions that took place centuries ago. As a result, today's Central Asians share a high degree of genetic similarity with the peoples of Western Asia.

Pakistan and Afghanistan

Located in South Asia and with more than 235 million inhabitants, are Pakistan and Afghanistan. Due to their geographical location, they are a region that has been settled by a variety of peoples. For this reason, they are currently two countries with a high degree of genetic variability, inhabited by numerous ethnic groups. In Pakistan, the Pashtun, Sindhi, Punjabi or Baluchi populations stand out, while in Afghanistan, groups such as the Pashtuns, Yayikos, Hazaras, Uzbeks or Baluchis can be found.

Gujarati Indian

The Gujarati people are an ethnic group of approximately 60 million individuals. They originate from the state of Gujarat, located in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent. Given its complex history, it is a people with a high genetic diversity. For several centuries, the state of Gujarat has been a meeting point for important migratory flows, mainly between the coasts of the Arabian Sea, a region with which it shares a certain degree of genetic similarity.

Punjabi and North Indian

The state of Punjab, located in northwestern India, has acted as a major passageway for all major human invasions in the Indian subcontinent. The result has been the mixing of foreign genes with the local populations, resulting in a wide range of genetic diversity and influencing the genetic structure of the Punjab populations. Today the most representative ethnic group in the region are the Punjabis, a population highly influenced by Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic culture.

Bengal, Bangladesh and northern India

Bangladesh and northeast India are located in an exceptional geographical position, a fact that has shaped the current genetic mosaic of the region. The first populations to settle in the territory were Austroasiatic, Tibeto-Burman, Dravidian and Indo-European. For this reason, the inhabitants of Bangladesh and northeastern India have genetic markers in common with the populations of Western Asia.

South India and Sri Lanka

Southern India and Sri Lanka is a region of more than 230 million people, mainly spread over the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil, Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala, as well as the island of Sri Lanka. Most of the inhabitants of this region belong to the Telugu people, the majority ethnic group in the territory. The Telugus, like some other South Asians, are descended from a mixture of pre-Dravidian, Dravidian and Indo-Aryan tribes that first settled in the territory more than 70,000 years ago.

East Asia

Japanese

The Japanese are a group native to the archipelago of Japan, located in East Asia. The oldest archaeological evidence from this region corresponds to groups of hunter-gatherers dating back more than 39,000 years, when there was still a land connection between the archipelago and the Asian continent. Geographically, several ethnic groups can be distinguished in the territory, including the Yamatos, the Ainus and the Ryukyuan. However, the Yamatos are the most numerous people and the term Japanese generally refers directly to this group.

Korean

Koreans are one of the largest groups in East Asia. The population numbers approximately 80 million individuals, distributed in both northern and southern Korea. It is thought that the first settlers of this group descended from the ancient peoples of Manchuria, Mongolia and southern Siberia, who settled in northern Korea during the Bronze Age. Today, it is one of the most genetically homogeneous populations in the world.

Mongolian and Northern Chinese

This group includes individuals of the Mongolian people and of the Oroquen, Xibe, Hezher and Daur ethnic groups, established in northern China. The Mongols are the majority ethnic group of this group and have approximately 10 million individuals, distributed in northern China, Mongolia and southern Asia. Given the common historical past shared by all these populations, they are closely related ethnic groups from a genetic point of view.

Chinese Dai and Indochinese

This category includes the Chinese Dai ethnic group and some populations of the Indochinese peninsula, especially those located in Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, Thailand and Malaysia. Although the Dai group is very characteristic from the genetic point of view, it is closely related to the Indochinese populations. Of particular note is the genetic similarity with the Vietnamese population, native to Vietnam and southern China; the Khmer people, the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia; and the Thai population, distributed mainly in Thailand. For this reason, all the above-mentioned populations are included in the same group.

Han Chinese

The Han people are an ethnic group originating in China. It is one of the largest ethnic groups in the world, numbering approximately 1.2 billion people (about 18% of the world's population). Several scientific studies suggest that the Hans are descendants of the Huaxia tribe, an ancient population with which they share most genetic markers. It is now a very genetically homogeneous population.

Siberian Eskimo

Siberia is a region that extends across northern Asia and forms the most Asian part of Russia. It has approximately 40 million inhabitants, of which 10% are indigenous tribes. Among the most representative ethnic groups in the territory are the Yakut people, who share genetic similarities with other indigenous groups that inhabit the region, such as the Evenks and the Ulchi. In addition, and given the geographic location of these peoples, evolution has led to the prevalence of genetic modifications that have allowed them to adapt to extreme climates.

Western Asia

Bedouin

The name Bedouin is attributed to the nomadic Arab population inhabiting the deserts of the Near East, the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. It is estimated that this ethnic group is made up of more than 25 million individuals, settled mainly in Sudan, Algeria, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Its origin dates back to 7th century Arabia and its rapid expansion throughout Western Asia. Today, the Bedouin people are a genetically heterogeneous people. Depending on the places to which they migrated, subgroups of nomads have formed that may share high genetic similarities with the Turks, Kurds or Arabs.

Egyptian, Levantine and Arabian

The Arabian Peninsula and the eastern Mediterranean are located at the confluence of Africa and Asia, and include countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Yemen, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, among others. Different ethnic groups coexist in the territory, with the Egyptians being the largest group with more than 100 million individuals, followed by Bedouins, Gypsies and Nubians, with more than 1 million people each. Given the geographic proximity of all these regions, they share an important genetic component, which is why they are considered in the same category.

Ashkenazi Jew

The Ashkenazi Jewish population is a group that currently consists of approximately 10 million people. Their origin dates back some 2000 years, when their ancestors moved from Western Asia to Central Europe. Their history is marked by the persecution, genocides and Holocaust that took place during World War II. This historical event caused Jews to emigrate all over the world. At present, the most representative groups of Ashkenazis are distributed among the United States, Israel and the former Soviet Union. Within this community, consanguineous marriages are a common practice, so it has become a very characteristic and homogeneous population from the genetic point of view.

Turkish, Caucasian and Iranian

Located in Western Asia are Turkey, Iran and the Caucasus, home to more than 183 million people. It is one of the regions with the most ethnic groups in the world, and they all share a common genetic history. The origin of these populations was marked by the settlement of the Mongols in the 13th century, which resulted in a high number of migrations to neighboring territories. For this reason, the genetics of Turks, Caucasians and Iranians present genetic markers common to southern European populations, especially in the case of southern Italians.

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