Error Avoidance Capacity

Learning is a process which originates or modifies an activity in response to a situation whenever the changes cannot be attributed to growth or a temporal state of the organism (such as fatigue or under the effect of drugs).

Learning implies a series of conducts and abilities that one acquires. These behaviors develop a tendency to prefer those options that award (positive reinforcement) while avoiding those that punish (negative reinforcement). Up to now, there have been different studies that have demonstrated that the neurotransmitter dopamine is particularly involved in this type of learning, that of trial and error, this means that the variations in the genes related to dopamine signaling can also affect a person´s learning capacity. Endogenous dopamine plays an important role in the specific synaptic changes observed in certain learning and memory stages as well as in synaptic plasticity. If a decision leads to a positive situation, a reward stimulus is sent to that part of the brain responsible for that decision which permits the brain to perfect its performance in the said task.

Gene or region studied

  • ANKK1
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